In the following steps,
you display the 2D canvas and use preset brushes to paint a few
Although not covered
in this lesson, you can use a tablet and stylus to paint with pressure
sensitivity. The harder you press down, the more paint is applied.
To paint strokes on the 2D canvas
- Do the steps in
Preparing for the lessons.
- If you want to create maximum space in
the Maya window, turn off Display > UI Elements
> Channel Box/Layer Editor, Tool Settings,
and Attribute Editor.
- On the panel menu bar, select Panels
> Panel > Paint Effects (hotkey 8).
The panel displays a Paint
Effects toolbar and menus.
- From the Paint Effects menus,
select Paint > Paint Canvas to
display the 2D canvas.
You’re ready to start
painting. It is not possible to display a grid on the canvas.
- Paint a stroke by dragging across the
When you first display
the Paint Effects panel, your strokes
use the default brush—a solid
black stroke similar to an airbrush.
TipYou can dolly and
track the canvas using Maya’s standard mouse and keyboard conventions.
- Now paint with various preset brushes.
To select a preset brush, select Brush > Get Brush or
click the following button in the toolbar:
The Visor window
The Visor organizes
the hundreds of Paint Effects brushes into
category folders. In the Visor, click
a folder, then click a brush icon in the area to the right of the
folders. (The name of each preset brush has the extension .mel because each
is a MEL script that establishes the brush’s operation characteristics.) You
can dolly within the Visor window to enlarge the
viewable size of the brush icons and read the names more clearly.
You can copy a brush
or all brushes within a folder to the Shelf. Use
the middle mouse button to drag the brush or folder to the Shelf.
Use the shelf editor (available from the arrow menu at the left
of the shelf) to remove items from the shelf.
Some brushes apply paint
directly along the paint path, while others produce added effects.
For example, the pens folder includes brushes such as ballpointRed.mel
that work like pens, while the flowers folder includes brushes such
as dahliaPink.mel that grow flowers as you drag the mouse. Brushes
like dahliaPink.mel use Paint Effects tubes.
- Select the dahliaPink.mel brush and drag
the mouse slowly for one stroke, then quickly for the next stroke.
When you paint a stroke
slowly, the density of flowers is higher than when you paint quickly.
The effect of stroke speed on density works the same for all brushes
that use tubes.
- To erase your last stroke, select Canvas
> Canvas Undo.
When displaying the 2D
canvas, you can undo only a single stroke.
Edit > Undo, Redo, Repeat (on
the main menu) doesn’t undo strokes.
erase the entire canvas, select Canvas > Clear or
click the Canvas Clear button on the