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You can control an object's position, rotation, or other parameters using an external device with the Motion Capture controller.
Rotation Motion Capture uses Euler rotations with an X, Y, Z axis order and is subject to the limitations of Euler rotations.
See Euler XYZ Rotation Controller
The Motion Capture System
To use motion capture in 3ds Max, you follow these steps:
- In Track View — Dope Sheet or the Motion panel, you assign motion capture animation controllers to the specific tracks you
want controlled by external devices.
- After assigning the motion capture controller, you open the Properties dialog for the track and bind the type of peripheral
device(s) that you want. Currently supported devices are mouse, keyboard, MIDI device, and joystick. Each device has specific
- After binding the devices, adjust their settings and parameters in the lower portion of the Track Properties dialog. These
controls vary depending on the type of device.
- In the Utilities panel, access the Motion Capture utility. You can test and record your motion for any combination of tracks
over any range of frames.
- When you assign a Motion Capture controller, the previously assigned controller is maintained as a child of the Rotation controller.
You can continue to adjust the rotation of the object using standard transform controls, while still making motion-capture
To use your mouse as an input device to animate the position of a box:
- Create a box.
- On the Motion panel Assign Controller rollout, select the position track for the box in the list window, and then click (Assign Controller).
- In the Assign Position Controller dialog, select Position Motion Capture, and then click OK.
- In the Motion Capture dialog, select X Position, select mouse input device, and then click OK.
NoteYou can open the Motion Capture dialog by selecting the Position track in the Assign Controller list window, and then right-click
and select Properties.
- In the Mouse Input Device rollout, make sure that horizontal is turned on and Scale is set to 1.
- On the Utilities panel Motion Capture rollout, click Box01 Position in the Track list window. Click Start in the Record Controls group.
Real-time recording is in effect; move the mouse horizontally back and forth. The box moves back and forth along the X axis.
Play the animation to view the recorded movement.
By default, 3ds Max generates a key at every frame.
Right-click the transform track in the Track View - Dope Sheet hierarchy to display the Motion Capture Properties dialog.
Position Motion Capture rollout
- X, Y, Z Position
Click an axis's button to display a Choose Device dialog, which lets you pick a motion-capture device from a list of alternatives:
keyboard, joystick, mouse, or MIDI.
- Choose Device dialog
Select a device from a list of devices.
- Edit Bindings XYZ
Displays device controls in the device rollout in the lower part of the Motion Capture dialog. If no device has been assigned
to an axis, this option is not available.
- Track Name
Names the Motion Capture Data track. This overrides the default naming convention.
Mouse Input Device rollout
This rollout controls animation using the horizontal or vertical motion of the mouse. The available settings include:
Specifies which mouse motion drives the animation.
Scales the relative effect of the mouse movement to the animation response. Spinner Value=float, 0 to 999,999
Flips the direction of the response relative to the mouse movement. For example, if moving the mouse horizontally to the right
produces a clockwise effect on a Rotation controller, activating Flip will reverse the rotation to counterclockwise.
Keyboard Input Device rollout
This rollout lets you assign most keyboard keys to drive the animation.
Click and then press any key. The assigned key is displayed in the list window at right.
Open the list to select a key.
Envelope Graph group
The Envelope Graph group displays a representation of the amplitude curve over time.
Envelope Parameters group
These options specify the time the envelope of the action takes effect. This relates to the duration of pressing and releasing
Specifies the time, after pressing the key, for the value to reach its maximum level.
Specifies the time, after having reached maximum, for the value to fall to that specified by the Sustain spinner.
After the Attack and Decay, specifies the value sustained until you release the key.
After releasing the key, specifies the time for the value to fade out to zero.
Parameter Scaling group
Provides controls for setting the scale of the envelope and the range of the output value.
Specifies the scale of the Attack, Decay, and Release parameters. The value represents the number of seconds for 1 unit. For
example, if this value is 1.0, then an Attack value of 1.0 equals 1 second.
Sets the maximum output value of the controller.
NoteThis controller ignores the state of the Ctrl, Alt, and Shift keys.
Joystick Input Device rollout
The Joystick Input Device driver was designed for the Microsoft Sidewinder joystick, which contains more controls than the
standard joystick. You can use this device driver for standard joysticks as well.
- X, Y, Z
Specifies which joystick direction drives the animation. (Standard joysticks provide X and Y axes only. The Sidewinder provides
the Z axis when you twist the joystick.)
On the Sidewinder, this is a slider next to the stick.
Scales the relative effect of the joystick action to the animation response. Spinner Value=float, 0 to 999,999
Flips the direction of the response.
When off, the joystick position represents an absolute position, and you're limited to the "rectangle" defined by the limits
of the joystick. When the joystick returns to its rest position, the value generated returns to zero. When on, the joystick
represents a change in the current position. Moving the joystick forward, for example, can cause an object to start moving,
and it will continue to move until you return the joystick to its rest position.
Joystick Buttons group
- Point-of-View Hat (Left-Right, Up-Down)
A mini joystick on the tip of the main joystick that specifies the direction of the animation
- 1, 2, 3, 4
Specifies one of four buttons in the Sidewinder joystick. They work similarly to the Point-of-View Hat, except that each button
increases a direction value only while pressed. When you release the button, the value returns to zero (centered).
One of three options that are only available when one of the numbered joystick button options is turned on. This option (Increment/Decrement)
means that the value is incremented when the button is down, and decremented when the button is up.
When on, the value increments when the button is down, and stays at that value when the button is released.
When on, the assigned parameters jumps to the value set in the Speed spinner when the button is down, and then jumps back
to zero when the button is released. Use this for on/off animations, such as blinking lights.
Controls the rate at which the value changes when using either the Point-of-View Hat or the four buttons. When using a button
option and the Absolute option, this specifies the value that's output when the button is pressed. Spinner Value=float, -999,999
Increment Based On Direction group
This group provides controls that let you derive the direction of movement from a Rotation controller. These options are used
primarily when you're animating a first-person flythrough such as when you're controlling a camera.
NoteThe items in this group are only available when Accumulate is selected in the Joystick Axis group.
Assigns a Rotation Motion Capture controller where the direction will be derived. Typically, this would be the Rotation controller
of the camera you're moving.
NoteYou can only use a Rotation Motion Capture controller here.
Removes the assigned controller.
- Direction X/Y/Z
Specifies the local axis that will be used as the direction. For a Free Camera, for example, this would be Z, because the
camera points in the Z direction. However, if you had a car that pointed along its Y axis, you'd use Y.
- Component X/Y/Z
Specifies which edit binding to use. Match this to the Edit Binding button in the Device Bindings group. For example, if the
Y Edit Binding button is selected, choose the Y Component option.
MIDI Channel group
This group contains 16 buttons. You can assign a channel to your MIDI device.
MIDI Trigger group
Here, youdefine the type of MIDI event (message) that will drive the motion. There are four options; Note, Velocity, Pitch Bend and
NoteTurn on to let the note number or pitch define the output value. The value is derived from where the note falls within the
Note Range, specified in the group below. When the note is at the bottom of the range, the value takes on the Min value specified
in the Parameter Scaling group. When the note is at the top of the range, the value takes on the Max value from the same group.
Anything in between is interpolated between the Min and Max values. (Note that Min doesn't have to be less than Max.) The
generated value will slide around as different keys are pressed. The harder a key is pressed, the faster the value changes.
Defines how fast the value changes as keys are pressed.
Determines the output value based on the velocity that the note pressed. The notes set in the Note Range group specify which
notes are valid to press. The value takes on the Min value until a key within the Note Range is pressed. When the key is pressed,
the value approaches the Max value based on how hard the key was pressed. (The value actually travels along a parabola toward
the Max value.)
Defines how long it takes the value to move through the parabola.
Sustain duration is scaled by how hard the key is pressed.
- Pitch Bend
Value is defined by the MIDI instrument's pitch bend knob. The Note Range doesn't apply in this case and is not available.
- MIDI Controller
Specifies a note event when you're hooked up to a different type of MIDI controller than the typical keyboard. For example,
if you're using a MIDI slider box, you would select the MIDI Controller option, and then use the # spinner to specify the
note event for the specify slider.
Note Range group
Turn on Note or Velocity, and then set the note range here. A value is derived from where the note falls within the Note Range.
- Low Note
Set a note and octave for the lower range.
- High Note
Set a note and octave for the higher range.
See Note parameter in the MIDI Trigger group, above.
Parameter Scaling group
Contains the Min and Max spinners, which specify the range of generated values. See Note and Velocity above.
- MIDI Channel Viewer
Displays a dialog that lets you test your MIDI device to see which MIDI channel is receiving events and which notes are being
MIDI Channel group
Provides a column of 16 buttons and progress bars representing the 16 MIDI channels. Select the channel where you want to
view note activity. The channel progress bars light up when any channel has an event.
MIDI Note group
The 11 Octave buttons let you select which octave you want to view. When a note is played in that octave, a corresponding
progress bar lights up in the Note column.
- MIDI Controller
When using a different type of MIDI controller, such as a slider box, you can specify a note event, and then watch the corresponding
progress bar light up when you activate that event. (You can find the correct note number by activating the event while watching
the Note Number field in the group below.)
Displays the currently selected channel. This is one of four text fields that display all of the values being generated by
the MIDI device as you activate an event.
Displays the type of MIDI event being sent. For example:
Note On: 9
Note Off: 8
Pitch Bend: 14
MIDI Controller: 11
Displays the velocity, which has a different meaning depending on the event. For the most common event, a note being pressed,
this value represents the velocity at which the key was struck. Other events, however, might generate a continuous value.
For example, a pitch bend event transmits the position of the pitch bend.
- Note Number
Displays the corresponding note number for the event. When you're using a non keyboard MIDI device, such as a slider box,
you can use this to identify the note number of a specific slider.